Store in freezer
MW = 411.62
Soluble 6.86 mg/mL in DMSO (warm to 37C and shake to get it into solution)
Reaction Conditions :
- 20 μM, 48 hours for cell yield inhibition
- 10 μM, 48 hours for apoptosis induction (measured by PARP expression)
Cyclopamine is a naturally occurring Hedgehog (Hh)?specific small?molecule signaling steroidal alkaloid inhibitor, causes a profound inhibition of tumor growth, has significant anti?invasive, anti?proliferative and anti?estrogenic potency in human breast cancer cells  . The EC50 of cyclopamine is 10.57 μM, it was identified by an FXR-bla (farnesoid X receptor- b-lactamase) assay .
Hh signaling pathway plays a critical role in embryonic development and tumorigenesis . Hh signaling pathway shows saliency in regulating cellular proliferation and differentiation in a wide array of human tissues. It is related to aberrant cell survival in numerous human malignancies, ranging from BCCs and medulloblastomas to small cell lung, gastrointestinal, breast and prostate tumors .
Treated with cyclopamine (10 or 20 μM) only and incubated for time periods ranging from 0 to10 days, MCF-7 cells and MDA?MB?231 cells displayed a significant reduction in proliferation rate compared with the control cells on days 3 and 6 (P
Embryoes exposed to cyclopamine resulted in visible external defects, including cyclopia, proboscis formation, microphthalmia, thoracic lordosis, amelia and decreased body size. Examination of gastrointestinal organs revealed severe deficits, including less length of the gut tube and mesenchymal cell numbers in foregut-derived organs. Ectopic structures in duodenum, stomach, and dorsal pancreas were also found .