Histone deacetylase Inhibitor
Trichostatin A (TSA), an antifungal antibiotic produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus, is a potent and specific inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDACs), which are overexpressed in various cancers and closely correlate with oncogenic factors.
Trichostatin A is active at nanomolar concentrations in mammalian cells. By suppressing the activity of HDACs, it leads to increased histone acetylation, thereby causing highly acetylated histones to accumulate in the cell . This in turn induces enhanced expression of specific genes that elicit extensive cellular morphologic and metabolic changes such as growth arrest, differentiation and apoptosis. At submicromolar concentrations Trichostatin A has been shown to induce apoptosis in diverse cancer cells while exhibiting very low toxicity to normal cells.
TSA is sparingly soluble in aqueous buffers. For maximum solubility in aqueous buffers, TSA should be directly dissolved in 0.1 M HCl (1.3 mg/ml) and then neutralized with PBS (pH 7.2) to achieve the desired concentration or pH. Approximately 0.7 ml of PBS (pH 7.2) is required to neutralize 1 ml of the acidic solution. We do not recommend storing the aqueous solution for more than one day.